Blinken clashes with China over US aid to Taiwan | US foreign policy – Community News
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Blinken clashes with China over US aid to Taiwan | US foreign policy

The US Secretary of State has clashed with his Chinese counterpart and said the US will give Taiwan the means to defend itself as China has warned it must end its interference on the island.

Antony Blinken also urged China to live up to its responsibilities on the climate emergency, pointing out that it was the biggest carbon emitter.

The hour-long meeting on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Rome was described by US officials as “exceptionally candid” but productive, and would help lay the groundwork for a virtual summit between US President Joe Biden and the Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, later this year.

Blinken’s pledge to aid Taiwan’s defenses came a week after Biden said the US could support Taiwan’s independence militarily and called on Blinken to recognize Taiwan within UN institutions.

The White House subsequently denied that Biden had intended to violate its long-standing policy of neutrality over Taiwan’s status.

The country of 20 million sees itself as a frontline of the war between democracy and authoritarianism, Taiwan’s Foreign Minister Joseph Wu told a meeting on the outskirts of the G20 dedicated to highlighting China’s human rights abuses on Saturday.

Taiwan’s defense ministry said eight Chinese planes entered its air defense zone on Sunday, the latest in a growing number of raids designed to assert China’s claim to the island.

Question and answer

Why is China increasing its military pressure on Taiwan?

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Beijing claims Taiwan as a province of China. Unification is a key goal of Chinese leader Xi Jinping, who has not ruled out taking Taiwan by force. Beijing views Taiwan’s democratically elected government as separatists, but the island’s president, Tsai Ing-wen, has said Taiwan is already a sovereign country that does not need to declare independence.

Taiwan holds democratic elections, has a free media, its own army and currency. It has enjoyed de facto independence since the end of the civil war in 1949, when the losing Kuomintang faction fled to the island. The Chinese Communist Party has never ruled Taiwan.

Few countries recognize the government of Taiwan, and many have handed over their formal ties to Beijing since the 1970s. Beijing’s “one China principle” formally declares its claim to Taiwan, and several other countries have their own “one China” policies, indicating the extent to which their governments recognize Beijing’s policies.

Bonnie Glaser, the director of the Asia program at the German Marshall Fund, said flights to Taiwan’s air defense identification zone are increasingly being used for training, as well as “signaling the United States and Taiwan that they are crossing the Chinese red lines.” should not exceed. And to emphasize the Taiwanese Air Force, to force them to scramble, to emphasize the aircraft and the pilots, to force them to do more maintenance and test the responses of the Taiwanese air defense system.”

Helen Davidson and Chi Hui Lin in Taipei

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The meeting between Wang Yi and Blinken is the first since a stormy showdown in Alaska in March in which the Chinese delegation scolded the US in front of TV cameras. The State Department said Blinken made it “crystal clear” that Washington opposed any unilateral change by Beijing to the status quo in Taiwan.

Blinken characterized the meeting as an attempt to responsibly manage competition between the two countries, highlighting the topics where the countries can work together and those where they are destined to compete. He said it is a long-standing US policy to help Taiwan prepare its defenses.

Wang told Blinken that tensions over Taiwan were sparked by US support for pro-independence forces on the island. China has said Biden’s comments — which nearly overturn the policy of strategic ambiguity — send an irresponsible signal because they seriously violate the One-China principle.

“We ask that the US has a real One China policy, not a fake One China policy,” Wang told his counterpart, according to a statement from China’s foreign ministry.

“We ask the US to honor its commitments to China, rather than betray its promises.”

China’s Foreign Ministry said earlier this week: “The US has been taking negative steps for some time by selling weapons to Taiwan and strengthening official and military ties with Taiwan, including the launch of a $750 million arms sales plan to Taiwan. landing of US military aircraft in Taiwan and frequent sailing of US warships across the Taiwan Strait.”

Taiwan’s president, Tsai Ing-wen, confirmed the presence of a small number of US soldiers who came to train her army and said she “trusted” the US to defend her island against China.

Blinken and Wang have not discussed a recent Chinese hypersonic weapons test that military experts say appears to demonstrate Beijing’s pursuit of an orbiting system designed to evade US missile defenses, the official said.

Speaking to CNN’s State of the Union address, Blinken questioned China’s climate commitments: “It is ultimately up to China, which is currently the world’s largest emitter, to decide whether it is going to do the right and important thing for its own people. Unless we all do this together in … take the necessary steps to keep warming to 1.5°C, then it becomes a problem.”