COVID-19 Data Explorer: Monthly Highlights of Global Humanitarian Operations, November 30, 2021 – World – Community News
Covid-19

COVID-19 Data Explorer: Monthly Highlights of Global Humanitarian Operations, November 30, 2021 – World

  • Cases and deaths in countries within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) fell about 16 percent and 14 percent, respectively, in November compared to October. Despite the decline, worrying trends are on the horizon with cases and deaths worldwide and a doubling of cases in Africa in the last week of November.

  • On November 26, the World Health Organization designated the COVID-19 variant (B1.1.529) as a variant of concern and named it Omicron. More data is needed to determine whether Omicron is more transmissible compared to previous variants, causes more severe symptoms, and its impact on vaccine effectiveness or natural immunity. While it is too early to definitively determine what Omicron means for humanitarian situations, countries experiencing humanitarian emergencies are likely to be highly vulnerable due to their lack of vaccines and strained health systems. Omicron also comes at a time when countries are still dealing with waves of the Delta variant and economies struggle to recover.

  • A record 121 million doses of COVID-19 were delivered to 22 countries in November with an interagency humanitarian response plan (HRP), up slightly from 117 million doses in October and a 137 percent increase since August. Nearly 49 million doses came from COVAX, the highest number of COVAX deliveries to date. The COVAX facility also delivered its first doses through the humanitarian buffer, which provided 1.6 million doses to Iran for refugees displaced by regional conflicts.

  • The supply of COVID-19 vaccines continues to increase, but most doses are going to a small number of HRP countries. In November, two-thirds of the doses went to four countries (Pakistan, Venezuela, Nigeria and Colombia). Only 18 percent of the doses delivered went to ten HRP countries with population coverage of less than 10 percent. Based on the latest COVAX allocation (round 8/9), doses will continue to increase to HRP countries in December, but most will be delivered to a small group of countries. With the exception of Nigeria, less than a third of the 91 million doses allocated in COVAX rounds 7-9 go to HRP countries with population coverage of less than 10 percent.

  • There are several factors that can lead to low deliveries to most HRP countries, including low administration rates. On average, only 43 percent of delivered doses have been administered in the 16 HRP countries with population coverage below 10 percent. Less than 200,000 doses have been administered to date in the Democratic Republic of Congo. South Sudan and Haiti have administered just over half of the 500,000 total doses they have received.

  • Two-thirds of HRP countries are not on track to meet the WHO goal of vaccinating 40 percent of the population by the end of 2021 (based on 2 doses). Given the latest COVAX allocations, more than half of HRP countries will enter 2022 with vaccination rates below 20 percent, with no additional doses purchased or donated (or another round of COVAX in 2021). Supporting HRP countries with the least population coverage to ramp up vaccine delivery is critical.

  • COVID-19 continues to fuel violence against women and girls (VAW), according to a UN women’s report launched in November. UN Women conducted investigations into VAW in 13 countries, including seven GHO countries – Kenya, Jordan, Nigeria, Colombia, Ukraine, Cameroon and Paraguay. According to the study, nearly half of the women surveyed say they have been directly or indirectly exposed to violence during the pandemic.

  • On December 2, the Global Humanitarian Overview 2022 was launched. More than 274 million people are in need of international humanitarian aid and protection, an increase of 17 percent from 2021. The GHO will need $41 billion by 2022 to help its target of 183 million people in 63 countries. If HRP countries and vulnerable populations do not receive the necessary support to deal with the pandemic and its socio-economic impacts, humanitarian needs will only continue to grow in 2022.