ONEa question of constitutional obligation for a modern democracy
country, the Government of India must ensure universal health care,
primary education, apart from other basic facilities and social
security for all citizens, as these are basically non-negotiable
human rights are indispensable for a dignified life.
Many of the democratic countries in the world were in the top ranking of
human development index has taken measures to realize these
rights of their people. No matter what economic system is prevalent,
either capitalist or socialist, one globally agrees that these
rights are the fundamental basis for building an inclusive democracy
society and also to achieve social progress and economic growth.
These rights are also essential to promote high quality human resources and
allows for equality in terms of basic living standards. But
Unfortunately, India as a country is still at the bottom of man
development index, as it is very slow to reach all people
with a universal approach.
We do not have a universal uniform quality training opportunity for
all our children. There are mostly many types of schools
hierarchically according to fee structure, facility and socio-economic
status. Still, many of our children are out of school and many remain
dropouts while the adults remain illiterate, unaware of the value
of education. The UNESCO Global Education Monitoring Report states
that economic inequality will keep the world away from achieving
education for all in the near future. In the expected year
universal achievement of primary education, India is predicted to
achieve universal primary education by the year 2050, ie. ten years
after Brazil and 45 years after China has done so. Countries with
best education system includes USA, UK, Canada, Germany, Australia,
Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Japan and Russia, etc.
Alongside education, universal health care is equally important to everyone
civilized society that can not see its citizens die without proper
health intervention. Many of the developed and developing countries in
the world whether it is socialist Cuba or capitalist Germany and
developing countries such as Brazil have developed a well-built public
healthcare that ensures the right to health for all. That
The health care system in Brazil is free and has universal access for all
and guaranteed under the Constitution since 1988. India is obligated
to achieve universal health care by 2030. Many of our health services
schemes such as PMJAY are selective and have not been able to cover
the entire deserving population. We still lack sufficient resources,
infrastructure and manpower to realize the goal of health for all
sections of people despite their income, social category and place
The second important area is the availability of basic facilities, which is
much linked to the quality of life of the people in modern times.
Unfortunately, still a large proportion of our households in rural and urban areas
areas have very limited access to basic facilities such as good housing
, drinking water, toilet, electricity and other facilities. Some of
they have no farmland to go for a decent permanent life with
family. Still people travel long distances to collect water and
feces in open. They manage without tap water and 24-hour
electricity. The very poor living conditions block children in many
families from getting quality education. Poverty also paves the way
increased risk of many diseases. The poor living conditions
contributes to low productivity as the poor health of
workers are always a problem.
The International Social Security Reports and Allianz Global
investor’s pension sustainability index says India has a lot
weak in providing citizens with social security compared to Brazil,
China, South Africa and Russia. These countries have good insurance policies
system. In countries like Germany and Brazil, social security is one
right, guaranteed by the Constitution. Social security in India is not
universal; rather, it is selective and covers a smaller part of ours
community. There is also great inequality in the allocation of benefits and
also deficiencies in access to such benefits. The rich and higher income
groups have more benefits in social security than the poor and low
There must be universal social security for all and a basic minimum
standard for support to all from the state fund. Most of our
households below the poverty line are still dependent on free food to survive.
There is an increase in orphanages and retirement homes in need
migration remains high in many parts of the country due to shortages
basic social security provisions.
Implementation of universal health, education, basic facilities and
social security schemes will create huge employment in the service sector
and change the quality of life.
It will bridge socio-economic gaps, end social barriers and become obsolete
beliefs based on fanatical ideas. In a constitutionally governed federal
structure like ours, both central and state governments are equal
responsibility to ensure the fundamental rights of all. We must
follow the mandate in our constitution. It’s good that a few states
such as TN and Kerala have achieved some degree of results by
following best practices from many developed countries, but there are few
other states like Odisha and Bihar, which are far behind in the world
standards and lagging behind with very slow progress.