ILO achieves ratification target for landmark social security treaty – Community News
Social Security

ILO achieves ratification target for landmark social security treaty

© Vitor Marinho

GENEVA (ILO News) – With the ratification of Paraguay on October 25, 2021, 60 countries have now ratified the ILO Convention on Social Security (Minimum Standards) of 1952 (No. 102), which is considered the basis of all ILO social security conventions .

Convention No. 102 is the only international instrument based on fundamental social security principles that establishes globally agreed minimum standards for all nine branches of social security: medical care, sickness benefit, unemployment benefit, old age benefit, accident at work benefit, family benefit, maternity benefit, invalidity benefit and survivor’s benefit.

It is considered an important tool in extending social security coverage and gives ratifying countries an incentive to do so by providing flexibility in its application depending on their socio-economic level.

“This ratification is timely as it takes place during a devastating pandemic that highlighted the reality that 50 percent of the world’s population is still denied the human right to social security. It recognizes the instrumental role of ILO social security standards in building universal social protection systems that ensure that everyone has access to comprehensive, adequate and sustainable protection throughout the life cycle,” said ILO Director General Guy Ryder.

In 2012, the recently adopted Recommendation on Social Protection Floors (No. 202) recognized the central role of the Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102) and called on ILO member states to ratify it as soon as possible. Consequently, the ILO governing body agreed to set a target to increase the ratifications of Convention No. 102 from 47 to 60.

Over the past decade, the ILO has proactively supported a significant number of national processes to encourage countries to ratify the convention. As a result, 13 countries have ratified the text in the past 10 years: Argentina (2016), Benin (2019), Cabo Verde (2020), Chad (2015), Dominican Republic (2016), Honduras (2012), Jordan (2014) , Morocco (2019), Paraguay (2021), Russian Federation (2019), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2015), Togo (2013) and Ukraine (2016).

In June 2021, the International Labor Conference held its second recurring discussion on social protection, which emphasized the need to build universal social protection systems anchored in ILO standards. It also reaffirmed the ILO’s mandate and leadership on social protection in the multilateral system and called on the ILO to accelerate ongoing efforts to promote the Convention through a new ratification campaign.