Nearly all of Mexico’s central and northern states have been instructed by the federal government to limit the number of people on site for business and social activities to half of their normal capacity to prevent the spread of COVID-19, according to the government’s latest pandemic tracking system update. .
Limiting on-site activities to 50 percent of normal capacity is one of several measures the government recommends when states are designated orange status under the country’s four-stage COVID-19 traffic light monitoring system, which was introduced in June 2020. The government is using the bi-weekly system – currently updated through the 111th week since its implementation – to alert residents to the epidemiological risks of COVID-19 and provide guidance on restrictions on certain activities in each of Mexico’s states. The Federal Ministry of Health “Guidelines for risk assessment of the COVID-19 traffic light by region”Explains the procedures to be followed by local governments and the federal government to determine traffic light status.
Baja California Sur, the only state in northern Mexico that is not in orange status is in yellow status. The government recommends that states in yellow status – a total of thirteen states in the current report – limit corporate and social capacity on the ground to 75 percent of normal capacity, among other recommended measures to curb the spread of the pandemic.
Only four states –Campeche, Chiapas, Tlaxcalaand Veracruz-is in green status, down from twelve in report for January 24 – February 6, 2022. States can conduct business and social activities without restrictions once they achieve green status. However, it is recommended to wear face masks in enclosed public spaces and is mandatory in public transportation.
State governments may increase or decrease restrictions on certain activities. For example in Aguascalientes, which is in orange status, the head of the State Department of Education announced that the personal classes would resume on February 14, 2022, although there will still be the option of distance learning for students whose parents decide to keep them at home. Aguascalientes was the only state with red status – the strictest status – in the previous report. No states are in red status in the current report.
Below is a map for the period 7.-20. February 2022, which indicates the COVID-19 risk level in each of the states and the capital.
This diagram presents traffic light status for each state and, where applicable, variations between federal and local traffic light statuses based on publications from the Department of Health and status reports provided by each state.
Pandemic key indicators and vaccination rates
Mexico is in the fifth and final phase of vaccination of the population, with 64 percent vaccinated in this phase per. 10th February. The government began the fifth phase in July 2021 and aims to complete it next month.
On 15 February 2022, “Daily technical report, ”The Ministry of Health stated that there have been 5,321,744 confirmed cases since the start of the pandemic in Mexico, with 140,530 confirmed cases added during the two-week period 1.-14. February 2022. The government has also reported that there have been 313,608 total deaths due to COVID-19 nationwide. However, the number of deaths associated with COVID-19 may be significantly higher than the confirmed number when taken into account “excess deaths”-I.e. the number of deaths exceeding what would be expected if the pandemic had not occurred.
In addition to sending data to the federal government, state governments have also issued regular updates to the public. Morelosfor example, on February 9, 2022, stated that to date, 61,091 people in the state had been confirmed to have contracted COVID-19, and 10 percent of them had died. The State Department of Health stressed the strain on health personnel, pointing out that the virus had cost the lives of forty doctors, thirteen nurses and eighteen other health workers.
Mexico City remains in yellow status
Mexico City will remain in yellow status until February 20, 2022, the Mexico City government announced. Mexico City, in whose metropolitan area about one-fifth of the country resides, entered yellow status on January 21, 2022 after operating in green status since early November 2021. Government officials stated that no economic activities would be closed due to the change in status, but they urged the population to continue to adhere to public health measures and practices, such as mask wearing and social distancing.
Finally, the Administrative Verification Institute, together with other authorities in Mexico City, will continue to visit companies to verify compliance with general and specific sanitary measures to protect health at work. The authorities can impose fines on employers who do not comply with health and safety measures. Employers who do not comply with the requirements may be subject to complete or partial temporary suspension of work centers for up to fifteen calendar days. Employers who do not comply with the requirements may also be subject to other applicable sanctions.
© 2022, Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart, PC, All rights reserved.National Law Review, Volume XII, Number 48