Taiwan: An unexpected flashpoint between the US and China – Community News
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Taiwan: An unexpected flashpoint between the US and China

Going back in history, initially, in the 17th century chickens, settlers moved to Taiwan, which is basically an island, and settled there and started calling themselves Taiwanese. After the Sino-Japanese War, Japan ceded Taiwan, which was known as the Republic of China (RPC), to China, known as the People’s Republic of China (PRC), ruled by separate governments.

In China there is a one-party system or a communist party system, while in Taiwan there has been a democratic government since 1949. Taiwanese consider them an independent nation despite the fact that many countries have not recognized them. While China claims that Taiwan is part of China’s territory and that sooner or later they will reunite, if not peacefully then by force. Taiwan lives under the constant threat of invasion by China, and tensions between China and Taiwan have reached its peak over the past four decades.

Read More: Japan, US Couldn’t Stand By If China Attacked Taiwan: Former Japanese Prime Minister Abe Says

Chinese Military Activities and US Response

Recently, Chinese warplanes have moved into Taiwan’s air defense zone, where US President Joe Biden said they would deliver arms aid to Taiwan. Under the US policy of ‘strategic ambiguity’ of 1979, the US will provide Taiwan with weapons for its defense. China had sent 170 fighter jets to Taiwan’s air defense zone as recently as October. Now there is a flashpoint between the US and China, as on the one hand there is China whose rapid military developments are exceptional, while on the other is America whose military is considered number one. If the US starts facilitating Taiwan with weapons, there is a much higher chance that a war will break out between China and the US. Recently, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wan had confirmed that US troops are training Taiwanese troops.

Taiwan is unlikely to have the capabilities to arm itself against a Chinese invasion of Taiwan without outside support. China’s defense system is at least fifteen times better than Taiwan. Tsai has emphasized plans to improve their defense system. The United States has tried to maintain a delicate stability between helping Taiwan and ending a conflict with China through its reporting of strategic ambiguity. The United States has recommended Taiwan to increase its protection spending and often sails ships through the Taiwan Strait to illustrate the naval presence in the region.

Read more: Biden ignores China and invites Taiwan to democracy summit

What is the One China Policy?

One China Policy is an official political and diplomatic position of the PRC (People’s Republic of China). It is a policy that claims that there is only one sovereign state called ‘China’ and it categorically rejects the idea of ​​two systems such as PRC and ROC which both call themselves ‘China’.

On the other hand, the Taiwanese government rejects this concept and follows the One China principle according to which Taiwan claims sovereignty over most of China i.e. Taiwan and mainland China. The importance of the One China Policy can be judged by the reason that it is a requirement for any political entity to establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China. One-China policy also has an element of strategic ambiguity in its definition.

Taiwan issue and changing regional geopolitics

Beyond the potential focal point of China-Taiwan, the regional geopolitical dynamics do not seem to pave the way for a peaceful solution. The region has repeatedly faced ongoing turmoil in the South China Sea, further exacerbating a direct potential flash point between the US and China.

Such as the formation of AUKUS whose primary purpose to contain China Navel activities in the South China Sea is now clear. The Chinese leadership did not appreciate this Navel Pact, saying in a statement from China’s foreign ministry that “the agreement is extremely irresponsible and seriously undermines regional peace and stability and intensifies the arms race”. Experts also say that AUKUS will play an important role in the new “Cold War against China”.

In addition, Taiwan’s bilateral dispute with China is also related to disputes in the South China Sea, as Taiwan is one of seven claimants claiming rights over the sea area and islands in the South China Sea, especially China’s 9- dashed line across most of the sea. The Vietnamese coast, the sea is north of Borneo, the sea area is north of the Natuna Islands, the sea is west of Palawan, and the Strait of Luzon and Luzon are the areas where Taiwan quarrels with China in the South China Sea. The US appears to be playing a role in tormenting regional peace and stability by indirectly deterring China and confronting it diplomatically at various levels.

Read more: China to punish people who support Taiwan independence?

Pakistani view on Taiwan:

As for Pakistan, it is firmly behind China. China supports Pakistan’s position on Kashmir in international fora, with the result that it becomes Pakistan’s core business to support China in their international disputes. Therefore, the Pakistani government does not formally recognize the Taiwanese regime as a legitimate government.

One thing seems clear: As long as the U.S. Taiwan Relations Act 1979 is in effect, the U.S. will not send troops or military contingents to the island, which would result in a direct confrontation between China and the U.S., but nonetheless a potential flashpoint between the US and China over the dispute with Taiwan is still a daunting possibility and something that will destabilize the entire Southeast Asian region.

The writer currently works at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space

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Rakesh

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