GENEVA (ILO News) – With Paraguay’s ratification on 25 October 2021, 60 countries has now ratified ILO Convention on Social Security (Minimum Standards), 1952 (No. 102)considered to be the basis of all ILO conventions on social security.
Convention No. 102 is the only international instrument based on basic social security principles that sets globally agreed minimum standards for all nine branches of social security: medical care, sickness benefits, unemployment benefits, old-age benefits, work injury benefits, family benefits, maternity benefits, disability benefits and survivors’ benefits.
It is considered as an important tool for expanding social security coverage and gives ratifying countries an incentive to do so by offering flexibility in application depending on their socio-economic level.
“This ratification is most relevant as it takes place during a devastating pandemic that highlighted the reality that 50% of the world’s population is still deprived of their human rights to social security. It recognizes the instrumental role that ILO social security standards play in building Universal social protection systems that ensure that everyone has access to comprehensive, adequate and sustainable protection throughout the life cycle, “said ILO Director – General Guy Ryder.
In 2012, it was newly adopted Recommendation for social protection floors (No. 202) recognized the central role of the Social Security Convention (Minimum Standards) of 1952 (No. 102) and called on the ILO Member States to ratify it as soon as possible. The governing body of the ILO therefore agreed to set a target of increasing the ratifications of Convention 102 from 47 to 60.
Over the past decade, the ILO has proactively supported a significant number of national processes to encourage countries to ratify the Convention. As a result, 13 nations have ratified the text within the last 10 years: Argentina (2016), Benin (2019), Cabo Verde (2020), Chad (2015), Dominican Republic (2016), Honduras (2012), Jordan ( 2014), Morocco (2019), Paraguay (2021), Russian Federation (2019), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2015), Togo (2013) and Ukraine (2016).
In June 2021, the International Labor Conference held its second recurring discussion on social protection which highlighted the need to build universal social protection systems enshrined in ILO standards. It also reaffirmed the ILO’s mandate and leadership in social protection in the multilateral system and called on the ILO to accelerate ongoing efforts to advance the Convention through a new ratification campaign.