US and China pledge to improve climate cooperation during UN climate talks – Community News
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US and China pledge to improve climate cooperation during UN climate talks

The United States and China vowed on Wednesday to step up cooperation on tackling climate change, including efforts to reduce methane emissions, in a joint statement issued at UN climate talks in Britain.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed the agreement between the world’s two largest carbon dioxide emitters, calling it “an important step in the right direction”.

In the statement, the United States and China said they recall their “firm commitment to work together” on climate issues and recognize that there is a “significant gap” between current efforts to curb emissions and the measures to be taken to achieve the goal of the Paris climate agreement.

“The two sides emphasize the critical importance of closing that gap as soon as possible, in particular through increased efforts,” the two countries said.

The 2015 Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to avoid the most dangerous impacts of climate change by limiting global warming to “well below” 2C, preferably to 1.5C, compared to levels before the industrial revolution .

One of the goals of the two-week UN Climate Change Conference, which began on October 31 in Glasgow, Scotland, is to keep alive the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5C.

The statement said the United States and China will work together “with the aim of keeping the above temperature limit within reach and working together to identify and address related challenges and opportunities.”

Recognizing the important role methane emissions play with rising temperatures, the two countries plan to work together to improve the measurement of such emissions, exchange information on methane management and promote collaborative research on the challenges of reducing methane emissions. emissions, the document said.

China also plans to develop a “comprehensive and ambitious” national methane action plan, aiming to achieve “a significant impact on controlling and reducing methane emissions by the 2020s,” it said.

The United States has launched an initiative to reduce global methane emissions in an effort to keep the 1.5C threshold possible. On November 2, more than 100 countries signed the pledge, although China was not among them.

Methane is a greenhouse gas emitted by human activities such as leaks from natural gas systems and livestock farming. It is the second most abundant man-made greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide.

Collectively, China, the United States, Russia, India, Brazil, Indonesia, Nigeria and Mexico are responsible for nearly half of all anthropogenic methane emissions, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency on its website.

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