US-China joint deal to improve climate action in the 2020s – Community News
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US-China joint deal to improve climate action in the 2020s

The United States and China have signed a joint statement on strengthening climate action this decade, and have agreed to work together on regulatory frameworks and environmental standards related to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by the 2020s.

They also agreed to maximize the societal benefits of the clean energy transition, policies to encourage decarbonization and electrification of end-use sectors, key areas related to the circular economy, such as green design and the use of renewable resources and deployment and application of technology such as CCUS and direct air capture, the statement said.

The US and China specifically recognize the important role methane emissions play with rising temperatures, both countries consider more action to control and reduce such emissions as a necessity in the 2020s. To that end, the two countries plan to work together. to better measure methane emissions, to exchange information on their respective policies and programs to strengthen methane management and control, and to promote joint research on the challenges and solutions for reducing methane emissions.

The United States has announced the US action plan to reduce methane emissions. Taking into account the above cooperation, the two sides intend to develop additional measures before COP 27 to improve the control of methane emissions, both at the national and sub-national levels.

In addition to the recently communicated NDC, China intends to develop a comprehensive and ambitious National Methane Action Plan, aiming to achieve a significant impact on controlling and reducing methane emissions by the 2020s.

The United States and China plan to convene a meeting in the first half of 2022 to focus on the specifics of improving metering and mitigation of methane, including through standards to reduce methane from the fossil and waste sectors. as well as incentives and programs to reduce methane from the agricultural sector, the statement said.

To reduce CO2 emissions, the US and China intend to work together on policies that support the effective integration of a large share of low-cost intermittent renewable energy, transmission policies that promote an efficient balance between electricity supply and demand across large geographic areas, distributed generation policies that encourage the integration of solar, storage and other clean energy solutions closer to electricity users, and energy efficiency policies and standards to reduce electricity waste.

The United States has set a goal of achieving 100% carbon-free electricity by 2035. China will phase out coal during the 15th Five-Year Plan and make every effort to accelerate this work.

Recognizing that eliminating illegal deforestation worldwide would make a meaningful contribution to efforts to achieve the Paris goals, the two countries welcome the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use. global illegal deforestation by effectively enforcing their respective laws prohibiting illegal imports.