Women with Long COVID-19 syndrome are more symptomatic than men
Women with Long COVID-19 syndrome are more symptomatic than men

Women with Long COVID-19 syndrome are more symptomatic than men

A new study showed that women with Long COVID-19 syndrome were more symptomatic than men. Women were statistically significantly more likely to experience difficulty swallowing, fatigue, chest pain and palpitations at long-term follow-up, according to a study published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Women’s Health.

Long-COVID syndrome is defined as persistent symptoms that extend beyond 12 weeks after the first symptoms of acute infection. In this study by Giovanna Pelà, MD, PhD, University of Parma and University-Hospital of Parma, and co-authors, 91% of the patients evaluated at follow-up (mean 5 months) continued to experience COVID-19 symptoms. Shortness of breath were the most common symptoms of prolonged COVID-19, followed by fatigue. Women were more symptomatic than men (97% vs. 84%).

“Long-term longitudinal studies are needed to fully understand the gender-related pathophysiology of the symptoms and effects of pharmacological treatment related to Long COVID-19; these studies will be crucial to understand the natural pathway of Long COVID-19 to implement targeted treatment strategies and to prevent bias in the treatment of men and women, “the investigators concluded.

While women have a lower mortality rate than men in the acute phase of COVID, this study indicates that women are more likely to experience Long Covid syndrome. “

Susan G. Kornstein, MD, Journal of Women’s Health Editor-in-Chief, Executive Director of the Virginia Commonwealth University Institute for Women’s Health, Richmond, VA


Journal reference:

Pelà, G., et al. (2022) Gender-related differences in Long-COVID-19 Syndrome. Journal of Women’s Health. doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2021.0411.

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