“The 360” shows you different perspectives on today’s top stories and debates.
The U.S. Senate on Tuesday unanimously approved a bill that would make summer time permanent and end twice-year changes from next year.
“We do not have to keep doing this stupidity anymore,” said Senator Marco Rubio, R-Fla., One of the bill’s co-sponsors, after it was passed. “Why we would enshrine this in our laws and keep it for so long is beyond me.”
Daylight saving time was first adopted during World War I in the belief that moving an hour of sunlight to the end of the day would help save energy, but it first became the norm at the national level in the 1960s. Today, every state except Hawaii and Arizona “leaps forward” one hour in March before “falling back” to what is known as standard time in mid-November.
It shows polls twice a year, and a solid body of evidence suggests that practice produces a number of negative results, including small but significant increases in , and mental challenges. Yet it has been almost half a century before action has been taken at the national level. Congress adopted a trial period of summer time year-round in 1974, but the experiment was discontinued a little over a year later, after several traffic accidents early in the morning with children.
The campaign to make summer time permanent again has gained momentum in recent years. Since 2018, that would establish summer time year-round, but no one could enter into force without a change in the laws at the federal level.
Why there is debate
Although this has been the norm in most of the United States for decades, many experts agree that the current method of changing clocks twice a year should be discontinued. But doing so means you have to choose one system – either standard time or daylight saving time – for the whole year.
The debate basically goes down to whether it is better to maximize daylight at the beginning of the day or the end of the day. Proponents of permanent summer time say that if the sun goes down later, Americans, especially children, will have more time to enjoy the evening hours before it gets dark. They point to evidence to suggest that later sunsets correlate with encourage people to and give one . “Summer time brings sunshine, smiles and savings to every person in the country,” D-mass.
However, many health experts say the Senate bill chooses the wrong time system to make permanent. They argue that standard time – which would create more sunlight in the morning hours – is better suited to suit our bodies’ natural rhythms, which have been established through centuries of evolution. “Standard time all year round… best complies with human 24-hour biology and provides clear benefits for public health and safety,” wrote in a statement. There are also practical concerns about the physical risks and emotional effects that will come from late winter sunrises, especially the potential danger posed to young children traveling to school in the dark.
A third group argues that it does not matter which system we choose, as both have their advantages and disadvantages. The real problem, they say, is switching back and forth twice a year.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi told reporters to put the Senate bill to the vote in view of the many other pressing issues facing the country. However, she expressed confidence that it would go over eventually. “I do not think it will be a big problem for us,” she said.
Life is simply better when the sun goes down later
“Eternal summer time is the way. When this time of year comes, everyone in America is happy (when people first adapt). The clocks change just like the weather does, and it’s a bid for better things to come. I see no reason not to make the sun-drenched optimism a year-round endeavor. “- Drew Magary,
Standard time reproduces our body’s natural rhythms
“Standard time is almost equal to natural light, with the sun directly overhead at or close to noon. In contrast, in summer time from March to November, natural light shifts unnaturally one hour later. Based on ample evidence that summer time is unnatural and unhealthy, I think we should abolish summer time and adopt permanent standard time. ” – Beth Ann Malow,
It does not matter which system we choose, as long as we end the time change
Americans will get more out of extra daylight in the evening than in the morning
“Because summer time favors light in the evening, it is meant to encourage activity later in the day. Studies observing behavioral patterns have found that people tend to spend more time away from home in the afternoon and evening, but also tend to wake up earlier and are more active in the house in the morning. Children also spend more time playing outside with the evening sun. “- Camille Squires,
We need sunlight in the morning to function properly
“Our bodies evolved over millions of years to be exquisitely tuned to the rhythm of the sun. When we wake up and see sunlight in the morning, it trips out of a cascade of chemicals in our brains that coordinate mental and physical health. Morning sunlight (even through the clouds on a winter day) are crucial. ” – Heather Turgeon and Julie Wright,
Summer time is already a problem, there is no reason to make it permanent
“Going to summer time all year round is a really bad idea. If we do this, it’s essentially dosing the whole of the United States with jet lag – permanent jet lag.” Nathaniel F. Watson, Sleep Medicine Researcher, to
The pros and cons of each system depend on personal circumstances
Bottom line: It’s not clear if it’s helpful to have the extra hour of sunlight at the end of the day compared to the beginning. It just depends on who you are and what you want. You can argue on both ways.” – Harry Either,
It would be easy to adjust the start times of work and schools to accommodate later sunrises
“For those who think ‘I do not want later sunset times all year round!’ or ‘I do not want to start my day in the winter in the middle of darkness!’ know that it has always been possible for our society to just … gradually change school or work start times depending on the season. ” – Brian Resnick,
Adjusting our watches does not change much of anything
“A better name than daylight saving time can be daylight saving time. DST just puts different numerical marks on the solar events every day. To think that we can change our circadian rhythm that way would be like trying to lose weight by converting to the metric system, or cool off on a summer day by switching thermometers to Celsius. ” – Randyn Charles Bartholomew,
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