Xi, who hosted the 14th BRICS summit via video link, also noted that the shadows of Cold War mentality and power politics continue in today’s world, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported.
prime minister Narendra Modi together with the Russian president Vladimir PutinBrazilian President Jair Bolsonaro and South African President Cyril Ramaphosa attended the annual summit hosted by President Xi.
In a veiled attack on the United States and the European Union, he said that certain countries, in an attempt to expand military alliances to pursue absolute security, have forced others to take sides and create confrontation.
“They ignored the rights and interests of other countries while seeking supremacy,” he said.
“The world will become even more unstable and unstable if we let the dangerous trend continue,” Xi said.
The BRICS countries should support each other in matters relating to their respective core interests, practice genuine multilateralism, uphold justice, fairness and unity, and oppose hegemony, bullying and division, Xi said.
“The BRICS mechanism has demonstrated resilience and vitality. BRICS cooperation has achieved healthy progress and results,” he said in his speech, which was published on the website of Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
But at the same time, he called on the BRICS nations to reject the Cold War mentality and the bloc confrontation, oppose unilateral sanctions and the misuse of sanctions in a blatant reference to the sanctions of the United States, the European Union and their allies against Russia for its invasion. of Ukraine.
“We need to encourage the international community to practice genuine multilateralism and maintain the international system with the UN at its core and the international order supported by international law,” he said.
He also called on the world to “reject the Cold War mentality and bloc confrontation, oppose unilateral sanctions and the abuse of sanctions, and reject the small circles built around hegemony by forming one large family belonging to a society with a common future” for humanity. ”
China has been critical of the Quad (USA, India, Japan and Australia) and AUKUS (USA, UK, Australia) alliances, claiming that they aimed to limit their progress.
In his opening speech to the 14th BRICS Summit via video link, Xi said over the past year that the world has faced the continued proliferation of COVID-19, a twisted world economic recovery and increasingly prominent peace and security issues.
“In the light of the formidable and complex circumstances, the BRICS countries have embraced the BRICS spirit of openness, inclusiveness and win-win cooperation, increased solidarity and coordination, and jointly tackled the challenges,” Xi said.
It is essential that the summit was not broadcast live by its official television channels, which brought comments to the BRICS countries.
In recent speeches, Xi has called on the United States and the European Union to impose sanctions on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. He repeated the same thing in his speech at the BRICS Business Forum on Wednesday.
China, a close ally of Russia, has refused to condemn Moscow for its invasion of Ukraine and has maintained close political and business ties.
Recent reports said that China’s crude oil imports from Russia have risen to over 55 percent from a year earlier last month, displacing Saudi Arabia as Beijing’s largest supplier.
Xi stressed that the BRICS summit is being held at a critical time in shaping the future course of humanity. BRICS countries, like key emerging markets and major developing countries, need to act with a sense of responsibility to bring positive, stabilizing and constructive strength to the world, he said.
“We have to speak for equality and justice,” he said.
He also said that the BRICS countries must “remain firm in our conviction that we will defeat the pandemic and act responsibly to protect our people and their lives”.
“We need to build a strong line of defense against the virus, strengthen international cooperation on COVID response and jointly defend people’s lives and health,” he said.
The BRICS countries also need to gather strength for economic recovery, step up macro-political coordination, keep industrial and supply chains secure and unstoppable, build an open world economy and prevent and avert major risks and challenges in global development, in order to work for more inclusive and resilient economic growth, “he said.
He said the BRICS countries need to advocate for sustainable and people-centered development, invest more in poverty reduction, food, education, health and so on, and promote the implementation of the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda to bring stronger, greener and healthier global development.
Xi said he looks forward to an in-depth and lively discussion under the theme “Fostering High-Quality Partnerships and heralding a new era of global development” to jointly contribute wisdom and ideas to the high-quality development of BRICS collaboration.